Chapter Three: Explanation

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  • じゃあ、いきましょう。 jaa, ikimashou – [Well then, let’s
    go] || jaa is often used when parting. tatoeba [For example]: jaa ne [well then… (good
    bye)] ||
    mashou is a very useful ending for verbs. It means "Let’s
    …"
    For example: tabemasu (to eat) Arrowtabemashou (let’s eat)
  • どこ? doko? – [where?] Memorize these
    question words!
    ; The longer form
    with a verb is doko desu ka? (Where is it?)
    However, very often in Japanese things are dropped when
    it is repeated information. In this case only doko is fine.
  • すし レストラン。 sushi resutoran – [sushi restaurant] | Notice there isn’t a T sound at the end
  • すしは なん だろう? sushi wa nan darou? – [I wonder
    what sushi is?] || To ask "What is sushi?" you
    would say sushi wa nan desu ka? But here Frank
    is talking to himself so he uses darou (I wonder):
    tatoeba
    [For example]:
    itsu darou? [I wonder when?] ame darou? [I wonder if it is raining? lit. rain
    I wonder?]
  • まって! matte! – [wait!] || very useful!
    More polite:
    matte kudasai [please wait]
  • こんにちは! おげんき です か? konnichi wa! ogenki desu ka? – [Hello!
    How are you?] Perhaps you are familiar with this. The O
    added before genki is there for honor. When
    speaking of / to others you can use O but when answering
    for oneself, you should always say, ‘genki desu.‘]
  • それは すし です よ。 sore wa sushi desu yo – [That is
    sushi.] In this sentence and the next are 2 very useful
    words, sore (that) and kore (this).
    When it is sore WA it is ‘That is…’ but it can
    also be an object in the sentence.
  • ああ! これは すし です。 aa! kore wa sushi desu. – [Oh! this
    is sushi.] kore (this)
    USEFUL:
    kore wa nan desu ka? [What
    is this? (probably point to something
    nearby or holding the object] sore wa nihongo no hon desu. [That is a Japanese book.] (probably
    something a little ways from the speaker)
    kore – speaker is near or
    holding the object
    sore – speaker is not near the
    object mentioned
  • こんにちは、 すしさん konnichi wa, sushi-san – [Hello, Mr.
    Sushi] Frank mistakes the sushi for someone to talk to.
  • すみません。 それは すし です。 人げん じゃない。 sumimasen. sore wa sushi desu. ningen ja
    nai.
    – [Excuse me. That is sushi. It is not human.] You don’t have to remember ningen just remember
    the kanji for people
    It is easy!
    Usually the kanji is pronounced hito and means
    person.
  • わたしも 人げん じゃない。 watashi mo ningen ja nai. – [I am
    also not human] || watashi (I, me) + mo (too, also) = Me too, I am also…
  • あっそう。 それ なら どうぞ。 a
    sou. sorenara douzo.
    – [Well if that is the case, go
    ahead] a sou is simply a reactionary sound made
    to show a little surprise but acceptance of the truth of
    what is said. || sorenara is useful (it that is
    the case) sore means ‘that’ and nara means ‘if’

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