Chapter Three: Explanation
- じゃあ、いきましょう。 jaa, ikimashou – [Well then, let’s
go] || jaa is often used when parting. tatoeba [For example]: jaa ne [well then… (good
bye)] || mashou is a very useful ending for verbs. It means "Let’s
For example: tabemasu (to eat) tabemashou (let’s eat)
- どこ？ doko? – [where?] Memorize these
question words! ; The longer form
with a verb is doko desu ka? (Where is it?)
However, very often in Japanese things are dropped when
it is repeated information. In this case only doko is fine.
- すし レストラン。 sushi resutoran – [sushi restaurant] | Notice there isn’t a T sound at the end
- すしは なん だろう？ sushi wa nan darou? – [I wonder
what sushi is?] || To ask "What is sushi?" you
would say sushi wa nan desu ka? But here Frank
is talking to himself so he uses darou (I wonder):
tatoeba [For example]:
itsu darou? [I wonder when?] ame darou? [I wonder if it is raining? lit. rain
- まって！ matte! – [wait!] || very useful!
matte kudasai [please wait]
- こんにちは！ おげんき です か？ konnichi wa! ogenki desu ka? – [Hello!
How are you?] Perhaps you are familiar with this. The O
added before genki is there for honor. When
speaking of / to others you can use O but when answering
for oneself, you should always say, ‘genki desu.‘]
- それは すし です よ。 sore wa sushi desu yo – [That is
sushi.] In this sentence and the next are 2 very useful
words, sore (that) and kore (this).
When it is sore WA it is ‘That is…’ but it can
also be an object in the sentence.
- ああ！ これは すし です。 aa! kore wa sushi desu. – [Oh! this
is sushi.] kore (this)
kore wa nan desu ka? [What
is this? (probably point to something
nearby or holding the object] sore wa nihongo no hon desu. [That is a Japanese book.] (probably
something a little ways from the speaker)
kore – speaker is near or
holding the object
sore – speaker is not near the
- こんにちは、 すしさん konnichi wa, sushi-san – [Hello, Mr.
Sushi] Frank mistakes the sushi for someone to talk to.
- すみません。 それは すし です。 人げん じゃない。 sumimasen. sore wa sushi desu. ningen ja
nai. – [Excuse me. That is sushi. It is not human.] You don’t have to remember ningen just remember
the kanji for people 人 It is easy!
Usually the kanji is pronounced hito and means
- わたしも 人げん じゃない。 watashi mo ningen ja nai. – [I am
also not human] || watashi (I, me) + mo (too, also) = Me too, I am also…
- あっそう。 それ なら どうぞ。 a
sou. sorenara douzo. – [Well if that is the case, go
ahead] a sou is simply a reactionary sound made
to show a little surprise but acceptance of the truth of
what is said. || sorenara is useful (it that is
the case) sore means ‘that’ and nara means ‘if’
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