Chapter Four: Explanation


  • フランクさん、 何を しています か? furanku san, nani o shiteimasu ka?
    [Frank, what are you doing?] You can change the verb too!

    nani o tabemasu ka? [What are you eating? or
    probably What do you want to eat.]

  • ともだちに はなして います よ。 tomodachi ni hanashite imasu yo – [I’m
    talking to my friend.] || The particle ni is
    used often when ‘to’ is used. amerika ni

    iku. [I am going to America.] and anata
    ni ageru. [I will
    give something to you.]
    ~te imasu when added to verbs makes the ~ing

    tabete imasu – eating (tabemasu) || mite
    – seeing (mimasu)

  • ともだちは だれ? tomodachi wa dare? – [Who is the
    friend?] lit. ‘friend who?’ Very often words are dropped
    in Japanese if they are understood by the speaker and
    listener. Even the important desu verb isn’t
    totally necessary. Of course the "correct" form
    would be, ‘tomodachi wa dare desu ka?
  • これ です。 kore desu – [It’s this] || there
    isn’t an ‘it’
  • それは すし です。 すしは たべもの です よ。 ともだち じゃない。 sore wa sushi desu. sushi wa tabemono
    desu yo. tomodachi janai
    – [That is sushi. Sushi is
    a food. Not a friend.] || Do you remember in Chapter 2 nomi
    (a drink)? Well tabe mono (a food) is
    related. Of course the tabe comes from the verb tabemasu

    (to eat) and nomi comes from the verb nomimasu
    (to drink), but what is mono? mono
    means ‘thing.’ So tabemono is ‘eat thing.’

  • ああ! ほんとう? aa!
    – [Ah! Really?!] Again this is casual speech
    so the ver (desu) is dropped. hontou is
    very, very useful! hontou desu yo.
  • はい。 ほんとう です よ。 それは はなしません。 hai. hontou desu yo. sore wa
    – [Yes, it’s true. That doesn’t talk.] || The yo is just added for stress, really it
    isn’t necessary. hanashimasen means ‘not speak’
    we will get to ‘can’t speak’ soon… Stay tuned!

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