100 Grammar Points

 

100. Can II たべられます、よめます

Potential form of Verbs is used to show ability to do something.


Construction: The ~u Group (group 1 verbs)
Verb Root + eru / emasu

書く kaku to write arrow kak (verb root) arrowkakeru (or kakemasu) able to write

漢字が書けますか?
kanji ga kakemasu ka?
Can you write kanji?

[NOTE: use が with the potential form]


Construction: The ~ru Group (group 2 verbs)
Verb Root + rareru / raremasu

食べる taberu to eat arrow tabe (verb root) arrow taberareru (or taberaremasu) able to eat

ピーマンが食べられますか?
pi-man ga taberaremasu ka?
Can you eat green peppers?

[Like broccoli and Brussels sprouts, Japanese children are said to typically dislike pi-man (green peppers)]

Construction: The irregular Group (group 3 verbs)

The two irregular verbs should be memorized:

くる arrow こられる
する arrow できる

パーティにこられますか?
pa-ti ni koraremasu ka?.
Can you come to the party?

NOTE: You can also easy do this with any Simple Past Verb + ことができる

100 Grammar Points

 

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