Home » Grammar » Chapter 8 » 95. Polite Japanese 敬語

100 GRAMMAR POINTS

95. Polite Japanese 敬語

There are three basic types of honorifics for verbs. Which form to use depends on the social rank of the person you are speaking to.

A) Humble (謙譲語 kenjougo) – This is when referring to oneself or one’s family members and (usually) speaking to someone higher up in social rank, position or some other criteria for determining status. However, even some people with high positions may choose to use the humble form with those under him/her.
B) ~masu – As mentioned above ~masu / desu is actually 丁寧語 teineigo or polite language, but I’m using the familiar ~masu form for an easy comparison to the the kenjougo and sonkeigo forms.
C) Respectful (尊敬語 sonkeigo) – This is what you say to your boss or those higher up when speaking to them. If you are speaking about yourself, you will use the humble form.

Humble
(speaking to your boss about yourself)
Normal
(speaking to your friends)
Respectful
(speaking to your boss about your boss)
拝見します
haiken shimasu

見ます
mimasu
to see
ご覧になります
goran ni narimasu 
申します
moushimasu
You know this from “name to moushimasu
言います
iimasu
to say
おっしゃいます
osshaimasu

頂きます
itadakimasu
食べます
tabemasu
to eat
召し上がります
meshi agarimasu
参ります
mairimasu

This is the humble form for both to come and go!

来ます
kimasu
to come

行きます
ikimasu
to go

いらっしゃいます
irasshaimasu

This is the respectful form for both to come and go!

致します
itashimasu

します
shimasu
to do
なさいます
nasaimasu

For a more detailed explanation and many more examples see here.

100 GRAMMAR POINTS

Sharing is Caring...

[wpdevart_facebook_comment curent_url="https://www.thejapanesepage.com/grammar/chapter_eight/keigo/" title_text="or facebook your comment here! :D" order_type="social" title_text_color="#000000" title_text_font_size="22" title_text_font_famely="monospace" title_text_position="left" width="100%" bg_color="#d4d4d4" animation_effect="random" count_of_comments="10" ]

FREE EMAIL COURSES

LINK TO INTEREST

FREE EBOOKS

Get Clay’s Kanji 100 eBook For FREE

TJS-Newsletter-FB-ad

Get Clay's Fiction eBook for FREE

fb-ad-clay-landing-page-6