100 Grammar Points

 

96. Polite Part II

お + stem + になる This makes a “normal” verb honorific (exalted)
[You are speaking to or about someone with a higher status than you (your boss)]

社長と話しましたか?
shachou to hanashimashita ka?
Company president – with – talk – ?Did you speak with the boss? (normal)
社長とになりましたか?
shachou to o hanashi ni narimashita ka?
Did you speak with the boss? (polite)
何か飲みませんか?
nanika nomimasen ka?
something – won’t drink – question
Won’t you drink something? (normal)
何か飲みになりませんか?
nanika o nomi ni narimasen ka?
Won’t you drink something? (polite)

お + stem + ください This also makes a “normal” verb exalted; it is used when asking things – ‘please give me’

売ってください。
utte kudasai.
Please sell (me this). (normal)
お売りください。
o uri kudasai.
Please sell (me this) (honorific)
食べてください。
tabete kudasai,
Please eat. (normal)
お食べください
o tabe kudasai.
Please eat. (polite)

For a more detailed explanation and many more examples see here.

100 Grammar Points

 

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