100 Grammar Points

 

40. said といいました

Meet the wonderful と to.

Mr. can act as a quotation marker (“). Very often if you are quoting someone or some source. This is best shown with examples:


Quotation Marker

「俺はスーパマン」言いました。
ore wa su-paman to iimashita.
He said, “I am Superman.”


According to…

When something isn’t said, per se, but is a quote anyway.

あの絵は十世紀に作った書いてあります。
ano e wa juu seiki ni tsukutta to kaite arimasu.
That painting was made in the 10th century according to the writing.


It can also be used to mark sound effects of things or animals:

あの犬は「ワン」言いました。
ano inu wa ‘wan’ to iimashita.
That dog barked, “bark”

There are many other usages for “to.” Paying attention to each usage will help you get a good grasp.

100 Grammar Points

 

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