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100 GRAMMAR POINTS

42. Negative adjectives

We say “not red” to show an absence of that color in English. In Japanese as with the verbs, the adjective`s ending is where the negative information goes. You will notice a great similarity with the verbal endings.

With “i” adjectives the “i” changes to a “ku” before adding the “nai“:

そのりんごは赤くない
sono ringo wa akakunai.
That apple isn`t red.


na” adjectives simply drop the “na” (which is really only used before nouns) and add “ja nai” or “ja arimasen” (or dewa nai & dewa arimasen).

私は、きれいじゃない。
watashi wa kirei ja nai.
I am not pretty.

To learn more about adjectives click here.

100 GRAMMAR POINTS

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