100 Grammar Points

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41. Negative verbs

It isn’t a sinย to be negative. Interesting I should say that… “Sin” sounds like “sen” which just happens to be the sound that marks the negative in Japanese in the –masu form. (Okay, so I set that one up…)

่ฉฑใ›ใพใ™ hanasemasu – can speak becomes…

็งใฏใ€ๆ—ฅๆœฌ่ชžใŒ่ฉฑใ›ใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚
watashiย wa nihongo ga hanasemasen.
(I) can`t speak Japanese.

ๅˆ†ใ‹ใ‚Šใพใ™ wakarimasu – understand becomes…

็งใฏใ€่‹ฑ่ชžใŒๅˆ†ใ‹ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚
watashiย wa eigoga wakarimasen.
(I) don`t understand English.

NOTES:

  • If you can make the –masu form, just drop the ใ™ย and add the ใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚ย 
  • You may have noticed there are no “no” words neededย to make a negative like in English. You simply modify the verb`s ending.
  • To make the negative in the plain, or simple,ย form by taking the basic stem and adding ใชใ„ to it.

With the “ru” verbs you simply drop theย ใ‚‹ and add ใชใ„ as in ๅฟ˜ใ‚Œใ‚‹ wasureru (to forget).

ๆ—ฅๆœฌ่ชžใ‚’ๅฟ˜ใ‚Œใชใ„ใ€‚
nihongo
o wasurenai.
(I) don`t forget Japanese.


And for the “u” verbs, we change the ending “u” sound to an “a” sound as in ๆ›ธใ kaku -> ๆ›ธใ‹.

ๆ‰‹็ด™ใ‚’ๆ›ธใ‹ใชใ„ใ€‚
tegamiย o kakanai.
(I) don`t write letters.


Finally we come to ใ™ใ‚‹ and the other irregular verbs.

ใ™ใ‚‹ is ใ—ใชใ„ in the simple form and ใ—ใพใ›ใ‚“ inย the polite form

ใ‚นใ‚ซใ‚คใƒ€ใ‚คใƒ“ใƒณใ‚ฐใ‚’ใ—ใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚
sukaidaibinguย o shimasen.
(I) don`t do sky diving.

And ๆฅใ‚‹ kuru is ๆฅใชใ„ konai and ๆฅใพใ›ใ‚“ kimasen.

ใ‚ดใ‚ธใƒฉใŒๆฅใชใ„ใ€‚
gojiraย ga konai.
Godzilla doesn`t come.

To review the 3 types of verbs clickย here.

100 Grammar Points

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