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100 GRAMMAR POINTS

9. Pronouns

Pronouns are not used nearly as much in Japanese as they are in English.
Often the pronoun is used once and then after (until the topic shifts to someone else)
the pronoun is dropped. Still, they are very important!

Notes

  • Learn watashi and anata well
  • tachi and ra are endings that indicate plurality! Easy! 🙂
Singular

Singular

  • I – わたし watashi

Plural

  • WE – わたしたち watashi tachi

Singular

  • YOU – あなた anata

Plural

  • YOU – あなたたち anata tachi

Singular

  • HE – かれ kare

Plural

  • THEY – かれら kare ra

  • SHE – かのじょ kanojo

IT – It is often expressed by sore (that)

Notes

  • Another meaning of kare (he) is actually “boyfriend” and kanojo is “girlfriend”

When the meaning is obvious, the pronoun is usually dropped. Both of the following is clear in meaning:

わたしはアメリカからきました。

  • watashi wa amerika kara kimashita.
  • I came from America.

アメリカからきました。

  • amerika kara kimashita.
  • (I) came from America.

See the “I, Me, You, Thou…” guide for more on pronouns.

100 GRAMMAR POINTS

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