100 Grammar Points

 

79. Can’t, not allowed いけません/いけない

This is how to say something is forbidden to do. Perhaps the easiest way to us this is to stick it after the て form of a verb and は (wa – topic particle).

知らない人と話してはいけません
shiranai hito to hanashite wa ikemasen.

Don’t speak to strangers.

Often in casual speech, the ては becomes ちゃ (or じゃ) as in:

その映画を見ちゃいけませんよ。
sono eiga o micha ikemasen yo.
You are not allowed to watch this movie – or You shouldn’t watch this movie.

You can also use だめ for a similar effect:

私の本を読んじゃだめ。
watashi no hon o yonja dame.
You can’t read my book!

100 Grammar Points

 

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