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100 GRAMMAR POINTS

72. A Closer look at が

This is usually the “subject marker / particle.”

降っています。
ame
ga futteimasu.
It’s raining.

IIn general, WA is the main TOPIC and GA is the more specific SUBJECT at hand. In the above example we say it is raining. The topic isn’t about rain. We are simply stating the circumstances at the moment and the subject of that particular sentence is rain. If we were to talk all about rain, we would probably start with WA as in:

空から降ってくる水です。
ame
wa sora kara futte kuru mizu desu.
As for rain, it is water that falls from the sky.
(You may go on to say more about the overall topic of rain.)


Used with SUKI

わたしは猫好き。
watashi wa neko
ga suki.
I like cats.


Question words always use GA

おいしい?
nani
ga oishii?
What tastes good?

 

来ました?
dare
ga kimashita?
Who came?

 

どこ一番いいところですか?
doko
ga ichi ban ii tokoro desu ka?
Where is the best place?

100 GRAMMAR POINTS

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