100 Grammar Points

ย 

72. A Closer look at ใŒ

Thisย is usually the “subject marker / particle.”

้›จใŒ้™ใฃใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚
ame
ga futteimasu.
It’s raining.

IIn general, WA is the main TOPIC and GA is the more specific SUBJECT at hand.ย In the above example we say it is raining. The topic isn’t about rain.ย We are simply stating the circumstances at the moment and the subjectย of that particular sentence is rain. If we were to talk all aboutย rain, we would probably start with WA as in:

้›จใฏ็ฉบใ‹ใ‚‰้™ใฃใฆใใ‚‹ๆฐดใงใ™ใ€‚
ame
wa sora karaย futte kuru mizu desu.
As for rain, it is water that falls fromย the sky.
(You may go on to say more about the overall topic of rain.)


Used with SUKI

ใ‚ใŸใ—ใฏ็ŒซใŒๅฅฝใใ€‚
watashiย wa neko
ga suki.
I like cats.


Question words always use GA

ไฝ•ใŒใŠใ„ใ—ใ„๏ผŸ
nani
ga oishii?
What tastes good?

 

่ชฐใŒๆฅใพใ—ใŸ๏ผŸ
dare
ga kimashita?
Who came?

 

ใฉใ“ใŒไธ€็•ชใ„ใ„ใจใ“ใ‚ใงใ™ใ‹๏ผŸ
doko
ga ichi banย ii tokoro desu ka?
Where is the best place?

100 Grammar Points

ย 

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