100 Grammar Points

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73. If II ใŸใ‚‰

A whileย back we found ใ‚‚ใ— wasย a word that means “if.” ใŸใ‚‰ is added to the end of verbsย to give the meaning of “if this is done, then this will happen…”

It is formed by finding the simple past form and adding a ใ‚‰.

ใ‚ใชใŸใŒๆฅใŸใ‚‰ใ€ๅฝผใฏๅธฐใ‚‹ใ€‚
anataย ga kitara
kare waย kaeru
If you are coming, he will go home.

The simple past form of ๆฅใ‚‹ is ๆฅใŸ.The second phrase is conditional on theย ใŸใ‚‰ phrase.

ใ‚ดใ‚ธใƒฉใซไผšใฃใŸใ‚‰ใ€ใฉใ†ใ—ใ‚ˆใ†๏ผŸ
gojiraย ni at
tara doushiyou.
What should I do if I meet Godzilla?

You can also use it with nouns by using the simple past form of desu:ย ใ ใฃใŸ

ใŠ้‡‘ๆŒใกใ ใฃใŸใ‚‰ใ€ๅคงใใชๅฎถใŒ่ฒทใˆใ‚‹ใฎใซใ€‚
okanemochiย da
tara ookina ieย ga kaeru noni.
If only I were rich, I could buy a large house.

100 Grammar Points

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