100 Grammar Points


20. There is / There are

For inanimate objects (objects, plants…), end the sentence with ~が あります  ga arimasu

木 です。
ki desu.
It’s a tree.  [lit. tree is.]  


ki ga arimasu.
There is a tree(s).

For living things (people and animals) use ~が います
ga imasu.

ねこ  います
neko ga imasu.
There is a cat(s).  

To show the negative just remove the -masu and add –sen to the end

あります arimasu Arrow Image ありません arimasen

Another more casual form of arimasu
that you don’t have to learn now is…
ある aru Arrow Image ない


います imasu Arrow Image いません
Another more casual form of imasu
that you don’t
have to learn now is…

いる iru Arrow Image いない

Maybe you know these useful phrases: 

  • お願い が あります
    onegai ga arimasu. I have a favor to ask.
  • 問題ない
    mondai nai. No problem!
    [This is the casual form of arimasen]

100 Grammar Points


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