100 Grammar Points

 

20. There is / There are

For inanimate objects (objects, plants…), end the sentence with ~が あります  ga arimasu

木 です。
ki desu.
It’s a tree.  [lit. tree is.]  

 あります

ki ga arimasu.
There is a tree(s).

For living things (people and animals) use ~が います
ga imasu.

ねこ  います
neko ga imasu.
There is a cat(s).  

To show the negative just remove the -masu and add –sen to the end

あります arimasu Arrow Image ありません arimasen

Another more casual form of arimasu
that you don’t have to learn now is…
ある aru Arrow Image ない
nai

 

います imasu Arrow Image いません
imasen
Another more casual form of imasu
that you don’t
have to learn now is…

いる iru Arrow Image いない
inai

Maybe you know these useful phrases: 

  • お願い が あります
    onegai ga arimasu. I have a favor to ask.
  • 問題ない
    mondai nai. No problem!
    [This is the casual form of arimasen]

100 Grammar Points

 

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