100 Grammar Points


20. There is / There are

For inanimateย objects (objects, plants…), end the sentence with ๏ฝžใŒใ€€ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ย ย ga arimasu

ki desu.
It’s a tree.ย  [lit. tree is.]ย ย 

ๆœจ ใŒใ€€ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚

ki ga arimasu.
There is a tree(s).

For living things (people and animals) use ๏ฝžใŒใ€€ใ„ใพใ™
ga imasu.

ใญใ“ ใŒใ€€ใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚
neko ga imasu.
There is a cat(s).ย ย 

To show the negative just remove the -masu and add –sen to the end

ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ arimasuใ€€Arrow Imageใ€€ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€€arimasen

Another more casual form of arimasu
that you don’t have to learn now is…
ใ‚ใ‚‹ aruใ€€Arrow Imageใ€€ใชใ„


ใ„ใพใ™ imasuใ€€Arrow Imageใ€€ใ„ใพใ›ใ‚“
Another more casual form of imasu
that you don’t
have to learn now is…

ใ„ใ‚‹ iruใ€€Arrow Imageใ€€ใ„ใชใ„

Maybe you know these useful phrases:ย 

  • ใŠ้ก˜ใ„ใ€€ใŒใ€€ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚
    onegai ga arimasu. I have a favor to ask.
  • ๅ•้กŒใชใ„ใ€‚
    mondai nai. No problem!
    [This is the casual form of arimasen]

100 Grammar Points


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