100 Grammar Points

 

19. は、が

These two particles は wa & が ga both cover what in English is typically the subject or focus of the sentence, but は wa is greater in scope than が ga.


wa – the main topic particle of the conversation


ga – the particle that usually marks the subject of the sentence

わたし クレイ です。
watashi wa kurei desu.
I am Clay.
[Clay is the topic and now this is known, it won’t be repeated unless the topic changes]

ねこ すき です。
neko ga suki desu.
(I) like cats.
[“cats” are actually the “subject” here.  Maybe this is easier to see “Cats are liked (by me). 

  • Note: you could say “watashi wa neko ga suki desu.” but it is unnecessary because we have already said “watashi wa” (The overall topic is already known)]

If both are in a sentence, the wa is first

bullet

The wa is written with a hiragana ha but pronounced as wa

 

100 Grammar Points

 

Is this site helping your Japanese? Do you have a spare $1 to help Clay pay the bills?




View Some TJS Supporters!


DarwinGenome Guides – helpful academic writing tips for students
Expert assistance with languages homework help for every student at ezassignmenthelp
123Writings.com writes admission essays since 2013

Get Clay’s Kanji 100 eBook For FREE

Claim Your Two Tocks Before Midnight eBook for FREE

Facebook your comment here! 😀