Japanese Grammatical Terms


Japanese Grammatical Terms



Really these terms are not too important but they can help the learner understand grammatical concepts from Japanese books and when asking a grammar question to a Japanese person…

NOTE: this page needs more examples, please email Clay to help fill it out.


日本語 / ENGLISH – Examples in Blue

名詞 meishi – noun (猫 neko cat, 本 hon book, 飛行機 hikouki plane…)

動詞 doushi verb (食べる taberu to eat, 考える kangaeru to think, 話す hanasu to speak…)

形容詞 keiyoushi adjective (青い aoi blue, かわいい kawaii cute, きれい kirei beautiful…)

副詞 fukushi adverb

~形 ~kei ~form (て形 te-form, ない形 nai-form (negative form), ます形 masu-form…)

代名詞 daimeishi – pronoun (彼 kare he, 彼ら karera they, あなた anata you)

人称代名詞 ninshou daimeishi personal pronoun

自動詞 jidoushi intransitive verb

他動詞 tadoushitransitive verb

可能動詞 kanou doushi potential verb

状態動詞 joutai doushistative verb

助詞 joshi particle

使役 shieki causative (~seru or ~saseru)

受け身 ukemi passive (~reru or ~rareru)



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