fbpx

Home » 100 Grammar Points » 6. Question words

100 GRAMMAR POINTS

6. Question Words

By mastering these question words, your conversational skills will be much stronger!


いつ (itsu) – when

いつ きました か?

  • itsu kimashita ka?
  • When did you come?
  • [literally “when came?” Notice the “you” is understood.]

どこ (doko) – where

どこ から きました か?

  • doko kara kimashita ka?
  • Where did you come from?
  • [literally “where from came?”]

どうして (doushite) – why

どうして きました か?

  • doushite kimashita ka?
  • Why did you come?
  • [literally “why came?”]

なぜ (naze) – why

なぜ

  • naze?
  • Why?
  • [used in the same way as doushite]

だれ (dare) – who

だれが きました か。

  • dare ga kimashita ka?
  • Who came?
  • [The ga marks dare as the focus: Who came?]

何 (nani) – what

なに を 買いました か。

  • nani o kaimashita ka.
  • What did you buy?
  • [The o marks the direct object.]

You can do a lot more with 何, see here.


Main points

  • Even with the question word a か ka is used. (Except in casual spoken Japanese.)
  • The question word is at the beginning, but after the は wa if there is one.

あなた は だれ です か?

  • anata wa dare desu ka?
  • Who are you?
  • [The question word dare is after the wa]

For more on this please see our “Questions and Question Words” guide.

100 GRAMMAR POINTS

Check out our money-saving bundles. Most of these digital instant download bundles are over half off the regular individual price! Something for everyone. Click here to check it out.The Japan Shop Bundles

Sharing is Caring...

  • Pasi Rahko says:

    And here are a few more question words I have encountered in my Japanese studies:

    Ikura (いくら) – how much?

    Ikutsu (いくつ) – how many?

    Dare no (だれの) – whose?
    Dare no inu wa desu ka (whose dog is it?)

    Docchi (どっち) – which one?
    Ocha ka koohii, docchi ga ii? (tea or coffee, which one do you like?)
    [Note: “ka” also means “or”]

    Donna (どんな) – what kind of?

    Ikaga (いかが) – how?
    Dou (どう) – how?
    [used in more casual ways than “ikaga”]

  • This Week’s TheJapanShop.com Sale

    Makoto #22

    Support Us On Patreon

    become TheJapanesePage patreon

    FREE EMAIL COURSES

    KANJI A DAY IMAGE

    WORD A DAY IMAGE

    GRAMMAR LESSONS

    LINK TO INTEREST

    FREE EBOOKS

    Get Clay’s Kanji 100 eBook For FREE

    TJS-Newsletter-FB-ad

    Get Clay's Fiction eBook for FREE

    fb-ad-clay-landing-page-6

    >