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Countries and Language Names in Japanese

Countries and Language Names in Japanese

In English we say “Japanese” and “Spanish,” but not “Germanese” or “Americanish.” In Japanese, saying language names is, in some ways, easier. Just add a 語 go after the country mainly associated with the language.

Regular Examples

日本 nihon Japan
日本語 nihongo Japanese

スペイン supein Spain
スペイン語 supeingo Spainish

フランス furansu France
フランス語 furansugo French

ドイツ doitsu Germany
ドイツ語 doitsugo German (language)

ロシア roshia Russia
ロシア語 roshiago Russian (language)

イタリア itaria Italy
イタリア語 itariago Italian

韓国 kankoku (South) Korea
韓国語 kankokugo Korean

中国 chuugoku China
中国語 chuugokugo Chinese (language)

 

Irregular Examples

イギリス igirisu England
アメリカ amerika America
オーストラリア o-sutoraria Australia
ニュージーランド nyu- ji-rando New Zealand
etc.
英語 eigo English

イスラエル israeru Israel
ヘブライ語 heburaigo Hebrew
or ヘブル語 heburugo Hebrew

インド indo India
ヒンディー語 hindi- Hindi

Language Names in Japanese Chart
This, of course, is not a full list. Feel free to add other countries in the comments below.

 

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I Want to… I Really Do, But How Do I Say I Want to in Japanese?

I Want to… I Really Do, But How Do I Say I Want to in Japanese?

Basic Japanese grammar lesson: Using ~たい ~tai–to want to…

  • Adding ~tai adds the “want to” meaning.
  • This is formed by finding the ~masu form and adding ~tai.
  • For example:
    To eat → to want to eat:
    食べる → 食べます → 食べ+たい → 食べたい
    taberu → tabemasu → tabe+tai  →  tabetai
    To Drink → to want to drink:
    飲む → 飲みます → 飲み+たい → 飲みたい
    nomu → nomimasu → nomi+tai  → nomitai

なにか飲みたいです。

nanika nomitai desu.
I want to drink something.

なにか nanika–something
飲みたい nomitai–want to drink [This is formed with the ~masu form of 飲む nomu–to drink + たい tai–(want to…)] です desu–copula (usually like to be)

Next, let’s turn this into a question.

Notice in the above example, we didn’t use a pronoun. The “I” was understood. In this next example, we still won’t use a pronoun, but by adding the question marker か ka, the “you” is implied.

なにか食べたいですか。

nanika tabetai desu ka.
Do you want to eat something?

なにか nanika–something
食べたい tabetai–want to eat [This is formed with the ~masu form of 食べる taberu–to eat + たい tai–(want to…)] です desu–copula (usually like to be)

Pimsleur Language Programs


 

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Japanese Conversational Interjections 相槌 aizuchi

Japanese Conversational Interjections 相槌 aizuchi

Carrying on a conversation (in any language) isn’t just about getting your ideas across. It is also about showing the other person, the speaker, you are listening. This is especially important in Japanese since it is used all the time.

In English, we might say, “Oh, really?” or “Is that so?” or “Uh huh” to show the speaker we are interested and understanding what he or she is saying. This video lists several important 相槌 aizuchi for showing you are interested or agree with the speaker.

Aizuchi to show Attention

Let’s first look at 相槌  aizuchi that could be considered positive. None of these fully imply the listener even agrees with the speaker. But the listener is interested, engaged, and understanding what the speaker has to say.

Here are the main words (there are many more):

はい yes
hai

While this means “yes,” はい is often used in conversation to show attention and interest.


ええ yeah
ee

This is sometimes written as えー. This is a common substitute for はい with generally the same meaning. I’m listening and I’m interested. When said with a rising tone, it can show surpise or disbelief.


うん yep
un

This is a less formal but common way to say “yes.” As mentioned above, saying this doesn’t necessarily mean you agree with the speaker, but just that you are showing interest.


なるほど I see
naruhodo

When the listener explains something you didn’t previously understand, you can say, “I see” or “I get it” or “indeed.”


さすが As expected…
sasuga

This means “as one would expect” and is often used as a compliment. If the speaker says an accomplishment, compliment him or her with “I knew you could do it.”.


すごい! Amazing!
sugoi!

すごい means “amazing” and can be compared to the slang word “cool” or “awesome.” When the speaker says something amazing, use this.


そうですね。 That’s right.
sou desu ne.

Also shortened as そうだ, this literally means “That is so.” It shows mild agreement, but it could also just be used to show interest.


うそ  (surprise) No way!
uso

This literally means “lie.” When said with surprise, it means “Really?” but when said with disbelief, it can mean “I don’t believe that.”


うそ (disbelief) I don’t believe that.
uso

Depending on how you say this, it can show agreement (with shock) or disbelief (also with shock).


ほんと (I) swear; really; (I’m) telling the truth
honto

This can be used to agree with the listener. I swear. That’s for sure. I’m telling the truth. This literally means “true” or “fact.” In less colloquial circumstances, it really has a う at the end: ほんとう.


ほんとに really; truly
honto ni

The adverbial form can be used to confirm what someone said is really true.


まさか It can’t be…; no way; you don’t say
masaka

This is usually said when the listener suddenly realizes what the speaker is saying may actually be true despite it sounding absurd. It can’t be…


信じられない I don’t believe it

Literally, this means “I cannot believe.” but this can also be said when believing but not wanting to believe. I can’t believe (he did that).


ありえない impossible; no way
arienai!

This means impossible, but again, it may simply show the listener is shocked by what she hears.


おかしい That’s odd; funny; little strange
okashii

This means “odd” or “strange.” Something’s funny about that.


なんかへんな Something’s wrong with that; that’s odd
nanka henna

Literally, something strange.


 

Aizuchi Japanese Conversational Interjections

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Beginner Word of the Day – 桃 [peach]

Beginner Word of the Day – 桃 [peach]

The Japanese Page Word of The Day - Peach

 

今日のことば
Word of the Day: October 30, 2018

noun | もも


MEANING: peach [momo]

EXAMPLE SENTENCE:

桃の花が咲きました。

もものはながさきました。
The peach flowers have bloomed.(momo no hana ga sakimashita.)

NOTES:
[peach; flower; bloomed]

VOCABULARY:
桃 【もも】 peach
花 【はな】 flower
咲きました 【さきました】 bloomed

 

Download Audio files here:

peach [momo] – download
The peach flowers are blooming.(momo no hana ga sakimashita.) – download

Want more? All Patreon supporters get access to a second Intermediate to Advanced Word of the Day. Click here to learn about supporting us and getting discounts, exclusive lessons, and early releases. – https://www.patreon.com/TheJapanesePage

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