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Osaka-ben: Grammar 1- The Plain Form Copula 「や」

By Beau

A noticeable difference between Osaka-ben and standard Japanese is the plain-form copula. While the standard plain form copula is 「だ」 , Osaka-ben uses its own copula, 「や」 .

Example Sentence

Standard Japanese 静かだ。
Osaka-ben 静かや。

It’s really that simple. However, you should note that 「や」 can be used every time that 「だ」 is used in standard Japanese.

Examples:

Standard Japanese Osaka-ben


だから
だけど
だった


やから
やけど
やった

(For now feel free to use 「やった」 , however please keep in mind that later you will be taught another plain-past copula used with な adjectives and plain-past-negative verbs- this also applies to the below “tara” conditional, as it is essentially just a modification of plain-past form).

Standard Japanese Osaka-ben

だったら

だって___もの。

やったら

やって___もの。

Take Care!
There is one exception to this rule: the 「のだ 」/ 「んだ」 structure.
In Osaka-ben, this structure becomes 「ねん」 .

Example Sentence
Standard Japanese: ちょっと寒いんだけど。。。 
Osaka-ben: ちょっと寒いねんけど。。。

Osaka ben uses standard Japanese sentence ending particles, such as 「ね」 and 「よ」 . However, it also has its own sentence ending particles. Most can be considered counterparts to the standard versions, however there are also some particles in Osaka-ben that are completely removed from standard Japanese. 「ねん」 , introduced above, is one such example of one of these “custom” particles. Although is has, for all intents and purposes, the same meaning as 「のだ」 , 「のだ」 is a grammatical structure whereas 「ねん」 is a sentence-ending particle. Also, the nuance conveyed by the 2 is slightly different. Osaka-ben’s sentence particle endings will de discussed in depth in a future article- stay tuned!

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Enjoy & Happy Sharing!

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Marloes Oosterhoff
Marloes Oosterhoff
1 year ago

So this grammar is only used in Osaka, or also in other parts of the Kansai area?

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