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Japanese Adjectives

Learn about Adjectives in Japanese

  • Adjectives in Japanese are different from their English counterparts. They do strange things like change with tenses & moods…
  • Adjectives are split into 2 groups.  -i adjectives and -na adjectives.   

  • We will look at the two groups closely, but don’t feel you have to learn everything at once. Give it some time to sink in.

THE -i ADJECTIVES

Examples of -i Adjectives:
Notice they all end in -i
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akai – red
omoshiroi – interesting
hayai – fast
nagai – long

THE -na ADJECTIVES

Examples of -na Adjectives:
These may or may not end in -i but when used before nouns -na is added
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kirei – pretty, beautiful kirei na onna – pretty woman
shizuka – quiet shizuka na yoru – quiet night
rippa – great, splendid rippa na boushi – great hat

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