fbpx

色々(いろいろ)(いろ)

Various Colors

The Japanese word for “color” is 色 iro. The pun at the top of the page sounds like it repeats "iro" several times, but it means "various colors." 

Grammatically, colors are used in two ways: as nouns and as adjectives.

The actual color names as nouns are listed in the colored area. The examples below show how to use the colors as nouns and how to make them into adjectives. When used as an adjective, most color names add a い.

黄色(きいろ)

ki iro

yellow

1) 黄色きいろはきれい。 kiiro wa kirei desu. Yellow is pretty. (This is a noun)


2) 黄色(きいろ)(とり)はきれいです。 kiiroi tori wa kirei desu. The yellow bird is pretty. (This is an adjective and adds the い)

(あお)

ao

blue

1) (から)(あお)いです。 sora wa aoi desu. The sky is blue.


2) あの(あお)(いけ)はきれいです。ano aoi ike wa kirei desu. That blue pond is pretty.

(あか)

aka

red

1) このはなあかいです。 kono hana wa akai desu. This flower is red.


2) これは(あか)(はなです。 kore wa akai hana desu. This is a red flower.

(しろ)

shiro

white

1) (ゆき)(しろ)い。yuki wa shiroi. Snow is white.


2) 外国人(がいこくじん)(しろ)いごはんをあまりたべない。gaikokujinwa shiroi gohan o amari tabenai. Foreigners don’t usually eat plain, white rice (with no butter or salt…).

(くろ)

kuro

black

(くろ)(ふく)()きじゃない。 kuroi fuku ga suki ja nai. I don’t like black clothes.

灰色(はいいろ)

hai iro

gray

<to make this into an adjective that connects to another word, add の no>

1) 灰色(はいいろ)のくつしたがほしい。 haiiro no kutsushita ga hoshii. I want grey socks.

(むらさき)

murasaki

purple

1) (むらさき)のはなが一番好(いちばんす)き。murasaki no hana ga ichiban suki. I like purple flowers the best.

(みどり)

midori

green

1) 信号(しんごう)(みどり)です。 shingou wa midori desu. The traffic light is green.


2) (うし)(みどり)(くさ)()べている。ushi wa midori no kusa o
tabetai
. The cow is eating green grass.


OTHER NOTES:

  • In Japanese, the word for “Black & White” is actually “White & Black” – 白黒(しろくろ) shirokuro
  • In Japan, traffic light signals are said to be RED (あか) aka, BLUE (あお) ao (not green), and YELLOW () ki
  • Most Japanese children draw the sun not yellow but RED (あか) aka
  • Color words often find themselves in people's names: 青木(あおき) aoki
  • Polar Bears are White bears in Japanese 白熊(しろくま) shiro kuma
0 0 vote
Article Rating

Subscribe
Notify of

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
{"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}

Subscribe to Makoto+ for a few bucks a month and get Makoto ezine, haiku lessons, repetition and shadowing, tongue twisters, and much more!

CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE

Check out our growing library of our highly-discounted, instant downloadable digital bundles.

CLICK HERE TO VIEW ALL BUNDLES

Polish your Japanese!

Get your FREE email courses, or Become a Makoto+ Member.

__CONFIG_colors_palette__{"active_palette":0,"config":{"colors":{"62516":{"name":"Main Accent","parent":-1}},"gradients":[]},"palettes":[{"name":"Default Palette","value":{"colors":{"62516":{"val":"rgb(236, 248, 248)","hsl":{"h":180,"s":0.46,"l":0.95}}},"gradients":[]}}]}__CONFIG_colors_palette__
FREE EMAIL COURSES
__CONFIG_colors_palette__{"active_palette":0,"config":{"colors":{"62516":{"name":"Main Accent","parent":-1}},"gradients":[]},"palettes":[{"name":"Default Palette","value":{"colors":{"62516":{"val":"rgb(236, 248, 248)","hsl":{"h":180,"s":0.46,"l":0.95}}},"gradients":[]}}]}__CONFIG_colors_palette__
BECOME A MAKOTO+ MEMBER

Advertise Here
>
0
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
()
x