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Sick and Living in Japan? Here's What to Say…

If you live in Japan and start to feel sick, you may be wondering how to politely and accurately express how you feel to your doctor. This page is to the rescue!

This is a work in progress. Please feel free to post in the comments section requests for other medical phrases and terms.

For the English translations, we are using "I" since these will probably come from the patient's point of view, but with a pronoun, it could refer to someone else.


FEVER

(ねつ)があります。 

netsu ga arimasu.
I have a fever.

微熱(びねつ)があります。 

binetsu ga arimasu.
I have a low-grade fever. [a "binetsu" is around 37 c (about 99 f)]

2日(ふつか)(まえ)から(ねつ)があります。 

futsuka mae kara netsu ga arimasu.
I've had a fever for two days.

(ねつ)()がりません。

netsu ga sagarimasen.
My fever isn't coming down.



HOW YOU FEEL

気分(きぶん)(わる)いです。

kibun ga warui desu.
I feel bad.

(からだ)がだるいです。 

karada ga darui desu.
My body is sluggish; I feel listless.

倦怠感(けんたいかん)があります。 

kentaikan ga arimasu.
I am fatigued. I feel washed-out.

(つか)れたような(かん)じがします。

tsukareta you na kanji ga shimasu. 
I feel (constantly) tired.

(からだ)(おも)いです。

karada ga omoi desu.
My whole body feels heavy.

(むね)がむかむかします。 

mune ga mukamuka shimasu.
I feel nauseated / my chest feels queasy.

昨日(きのう)()べたものを()いてしまいました。 

kinou, tabetamono o haite shimaimashita.
Yesterday, I threw up what I had eaten.


DIZZINESS

()()がると、ふらふらします。 

tachi agaru to, furafura shimasu.
When I stand, I feel dizzy.

めまいがします。 

memai ga shimasu.
I feel dizzy; vertigo

食欲(しょくよく)がありません。 

shokuyoku ga arimasen.
I don't have an appetite.


DIARRHEA & CONSTIPATION

下痢(げり)症状(しょうじょう)があります。 

geri no shoujou ga arimasu.
I show signs of diarrhea.

ときどき下痢(げり)します。 

tokidoki geri shimasu.
I sometimes have diarrhea.

便(べん)がゆるいです。 

ben ga yurui desu.
My stool is loose/runny.

(つう)じはありますか? 

otsuuji wa arimasu ka?
Have you had a bowel movement?
[may be asked by nurses or doctors; お通じ means "bowel movement."]

いいえ、ありません。便秘(べんぴ)です。 

iie, arimasen. benpi desu.
No, I am constipated.

はい、あります。でも、とてもゆるいです。 

hai, arimasu. demo, totemo yurui desu.
Yes, but it is very loose (runny).


PAIN

(なか)がいたいです。

onaka ga itai desu.
My stomach hurts.

(あたま)(いた)いです。 

atama ga itai desu.
My head hurts; I have a headache.

(あし)(いた)いです。  

ashi ga itai desu.
My foot hurts; my leg hurts. [足 can mean leg or foot]

(むね)(いた)いです。 

mune ga itai desu.
My chest hurts.

背中(せなか)(いた)いです。 

senaka ga itai desu.
My back hurts. I have back pain.


SWELLING

()がはれています。 

me ga harete imasu.
My eyes are swollen.

(あし)がはれています。 

ashi ga harete imasu.
My legs are swollen.

(くび)がはれています。 

kubi ga harete imasu.  
My neck is swollen.


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